BCD Explanation

Body Chemistry

pH Level

pH (potential of hydrogen) measures the balance between positively charged ions (acid-forming) and negatively charged ions (alkaline-forming), in the body fluids, i.e. urine, blood, saliva. It is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. It is measured on a scale of 0 to 14 – the lower the pH the more acidic the solution, the higher the pH the more alkaline (or base) the solution. This delicate balance can be an important indicator of your overall health.

All living cells are extraordinarily sensitive to the pH of the body. Homeostasis of the acid-base balance is carefully regulated because all biochemical reactions are influenced by the pH. Mainly the kidneys, lungs, and buffer systems of the blood, control this acid-base balance. Your body is able to assimilate minerals and nutrients properly only when its pH is balanced. It is therefore possible for you to be taking healthy nutrients and yet be unable to absorb or use them. If you are not getting the results you expected from your nutritional or herbal program, look for an acid alkaline imbalance. The pH is a very important determinant of health status. It can give direct information about a person’s hydration status, vitamin and mineral levels, enzyme function, energy production, hormonal function, cardiovascular health, digestion and oxygenation. When the pH is outside the normal range, the result is sub-optimal health.

Urine pH

– Urinary pH levels can indicate how well your body is excreting acids and is assimilating minerals, especially calcium, magnesium, sodium and potassium. These minerals function as “buffers.” Buffers are substances that help maintain and balance the body against the introduction of too much acidity or too much alkalinity. Even with proper amounts of buffers, acid or alkaline levels can become extreme. When the body ingests or produces too many of these acids or alkalis, it must excrete the excess. The urine is the perfect way for the body to remove any excess acids or alkaline substances that cannot be buffered. If the average urine pH is below 6.5 the body’s buffering system is overwhelmed, a state of “autotoxication” exists, and attention should be given to lowering acid levels.

Saliva pH   –   Salivary pH can indicate the activity of digestive enzymes in your body, especially the activity of the liver and the stomach. While the saliva also utilizes buffers just like the urine, it relies on this process to a much lesser degree. If the saliva pH is too low (below 6.5), the body may be producing too many acids or may be overwhelmed by acids because it has lost the ability to adequately remove them through the urine. If the saliva pH is too high (over 6.8), the body may suffer greatly, e.g. excess gas,  constipation and production of yeast, mold and fungus. Some people will have acidic pH readings from both urine and saliva –this is referred to as “double acid.”

Most people who suffer from unbalanced pH are acidic. This condition forces the body to borrow minerals from vital organs and bones to buffer (neutralize) the acid and safely remove it from the body. Because of this strain, the body can suffer severe and prolonged damage due to high acidity – a condition that may go undetected for years.

Although high acidity may not be outwardly noticeable, it can severely affect overall health in a negative way. Alkalinity in the body is much more rare, but just as potentially


Mild acidosis can cause such problems as:

  • Cardiovascular damage, including the constriction of blood vessels and the reduction of oxygen.
  • Weight gain, obesity and diabetes.
  • Bladder and kidney conditions, including kidney stones.
  • Immune deficiency
  • Acceleration of free radical damage, possibly contributing to cancerous mutations.
  • Hormone concerns.
  • Premature aging.
  • Osteoporosis; weak, brittle bones, hip fractures and bone spurs
  • Joint pain, aching muscles and lactic acid buildup.
  • Low energy and chronic fatigue.
  • Slow digestion and elimination.
  • Yeast/fungal overgrowth.

There are a multitude of reasons for poor pH. In states of compromised health, the environment within the cell becomes more acidic. As a result, an accumulation of acid occurs, such as lactic acid from the breakdown of glucose, phosphoric acids from the breakdown of proteins, and ketoacids from fats.

Nutritional deficiencies, dehydration, and a lack of oxygen can and will make the intracellular acid problems worse, because the elimination of acids are dependent on oxygen, vitamins and minerals. Our emotional state can also make us more acidic.  Feelings of frustration, fear, hopelessness, anger, and depression can lower pH.

The reason acidosis is more common in our society is mostly due to the typical diet, which is far too high in acid-producing animal products like meat, eggs and dairy, and far too low in alkaline-producing foods like fresh vegetables. High acidity is also caused from consumption of processed foods like white flour and sugar. Coffee and soft drinks will also markedly lower our pH. Artificial chemical sweeteners like NutraSweet, Equal, or aspartame are extremely acid-forming.

pH – Acid / Alkaline

Saliva Alkaline and Urine Acid: As you become more acidic, your body tries to buffer or neutralize the acid with materials from other parts of your body, including calcium from your bones.

The pattern for tissue buffer depletion is as follows:

Health Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4

Saliva 6.5-6.75 Alkaline Alkaline Acid Acid

Urine 6.5-6.8 Alkaline Acid Alkaline Acid

*These specimens are showing you in a stage ______ buffer depletion.

The best way to improve your pH level is to shift your diet to include more alkaline foods (see list) and to limit the extremely acidifying foods: coffee, soft drinks, artificial sweeteners, excess animal protein, white sugar and flour. Ideally your diet should be 70% alkalizing and 30% acidifying foods.

Oxidative Stress

Oxidative stress (OS) is a general term used to describe the level of oxidative damage in a cell, tissue, or organ, caused by the reactive oxygen species (ROS)  or free radicals. This damage can affect a specific molecule or entire organism.  Reactive oxygen species, such as free radicals and peroxides, represent a class of molecules that are derived from the metabolism of oxygen.

There are many different sources by which the reactive oxygen species are generated. Most reactive oxygen species come from internal sources as by-products of normal and essential metabolic reactions, such as energy production from mitochondria or the detoxification reactions involving the liver. Outside sources include exposure to cigarette smoke, environmental pollutants such as emission from automobiles and industries, consumption of alcohol in excess, asbestos, exposure to ionizing radiation such as sun light, and bacterial fungal or viral infections, nutritional deficiencies, all forms of stress, over-stimulation of the immune system, lack of exercise etc.  Free radicals such as reactive oxygen species are formed during a variety of biochemical reactions and cellular functions (such as mitochondria metabolism – how we produce energy). The formation of pro-oxidants (free radicals) is normally balanced by a similar rate of consumption by antioxidants. Oxidative stress results from an imbalance between formation and neutralization of pro-oxidants (free radicals).

Inside our cells reside a small organ or organelle called the mitochondria, the powerhouse of the cell. The mitochondria produce energy (ATP) for all our biological needs by getting as many electrons out of food we eat as possible. These electrons are used to produce energy, and it is this energy that is the source for all biochemical processes in the body. The step-by-step removal of pairs of electrons from (protein, fat, carbohydrate) is the means by which food is converted into energy. This is oxidation.

During the biochemical break down of food the transfer of electrons is used to produce the energy. When a substance loses an electron, that substance becomes oxidized. When another substance gains an electron, it becomes reduced. This is oxidationreduction. When a substance is oxidized (loss of electron) it loses energy, and reduction (gaining an electron) gains energy.

Oxidative stress is measurement of the free radicals in our tissues, and fluids. When a fluid is oxidized it has lost electrons and it has lost its ability to create energy. High oxidative stress can lead to many age related health problems, degenerative diseases, fatigue, inflammation, arthritis, premature aging etc.

Antioxidants are molecules or compounds that act as free radical scavengers. Most antioxidants are electron donors and react with the free radicals to form harmless end products such as water. These antioxidants bind and inactivate the free radicals. Thus, antioxidants protect against oxidative stress and prevent damage to cells. By definition oxidative stress results when free radical formation is unbalanced in proportion to the protective antioxidants.

Your oxidative stress: very high medium high normal medium low very low

If high, you need to:

  • increase antioxidants (see following page for foods rich in antioxidants)
  • decrease exposure to free radicals. Free radical exposure can be reduced by “cleaning up your environment”. Household and yard chemicals, personal care products, new cars and furniture, and exposure to construction materials are major culprits in our exposure to free radical damage. Many times there are safer choices. (See following pages for more info.)

If low, you need:

  • Electron transport support. Your body is unable to produce sufficient energy at the cellular level. Supplementation with Co Q10 or other products will be necessary. You may need to reduce antioxidant products.


Electrolytes are specific salts in your body fluids. They include sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, bicarbonate, phosphate, sulfate. They are essential for every reaction in the body. Electrolytes are what your cells, especially nerve, heart, and muscle use to maintain voltages (electrical charge) across their cell membranes and to carry electrical impulses (nerve impulses, muscle contractions) across themselves and to other cells. Your kidneys work to keep the electrolyte concentrations in your blood constant despite changes in your body. For example, when you exercise heavily you lose electrolytes in your sweat especially sodium and potassium. These salts must be replaced quickly to keep your blood levels constant. Optimal balance of electrolytes will improve stamina, athletic performance and increase energy.

Your electrolyte balance is: very low low normal

If low, use Celtic Sea Salt or Real Salt.

Celtic Sea Salt is an excellent source of over 25 unrefined minerals to include sodium, potassium and chloride, all of which are required to maintain electrolyte balance. Real Salt is extracted from deep within the earth’s crust. It is unrefined, pure, and natural. It contains more than 50 trace elements including iodine.

Table salts do deserve the bad rap salt has been given. They are bleached, refined and filled with silicates, dextrose, and other chemicals.

Carbohydrate Metabolism

Once the carbohydrates in a meal are digested, the glucose is absorbed into the blood stream. When this occurs the pancreas secretes insulin in response. Insulin stimulates the muscles and liver to take up glucose and converts it to glycogen (stored glucose). There is only so much storage that can take place; when the storage level is reached, the excess glucose is synthesized into fat. Too little sugar (hypoglycemia), too much sugar (hyperglycemia) and insulin resistance (inability to utilize insulin) can contribute to headaches, fatigue, brain fog, weight gain, obesity, cardiovascular disease and general ill health.

The quality of ingested carbohydrates is very important. Complex carbohydrates (especially beans, unrefined grains, starchy vegetables) are absorbed more easily due to their fiber content and affect our blood sugar level more gradually. Refined carbohydrates (white flour, white sugar, high fructose corn syrup, alcohol and other processed foods) have such a high glycemic index that they get to the blood stream very quickly. This causes the insulin levels to shoot up and then a whole cascade of harmful effects occur in the body.

Carbohydrates are essential for energy in all cellular reactions. It is extremely important that the blood sugar be maintained within a very narrow range (70-120 mg%). When it is low it can lead to low energy and malaise. If blood sugar is high it will lead to weight gain, yeast infections, and possibly diabetes.

Your report indicates that your intake of carbohydrates is: Very high High Optimal Low Very low

Your carbohydrate metabolism appears: Very Poor Poor Normal

If your metabolism is poor you may need to add specific digestive enzymes or other supplements. You also need to improve the quality and type of carbohydrates consumed.

Protein Metabolism

The balance between carbohydrate, protein and fat in your diet is extremely important. Calories from protein and carbohydrate should be about the same and calories from fat should be about 25% of the total. Too much protein can lead to excessive production of bilirubin, ammonia, urea and uric acid in the liver which can be toxic if maintained for excessive periods of time.

Your protein intake appears to be: very low low optimal high very high

Your protein metabolism and digestion appears: incomplete adequate

If poor metabolism you may need to take digestive enzymes or other supplements with your meals and eat less protein. If your protein intake appears to be insufficient this can lead to low potassium levels. Consume more meat, fish, chicken, and eggs in your diet.

Symptoms of low potassium:

  • Weakness, tiredness, or cramping in arm or leg muscles
  • Tingling or numbness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal cramping, bloating
  • Constipation
  • Palpitations (feeling your heart beat irregularly)
  • Passing large amounts of urine or feeling very thirsty most of the time
  • Fainting due to low blood pressure
  • Abnormal psychological behavior (depression, psychosis, delirium, hallucinations, confusion).

Cellular Respiration

Most foods contain usable energy; stored in complex organic compounds such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats. All cells break down complex organic compounds into simpler molecules. Cells use some of the energy that is released in this process to make ATP (energy). This reaction takes place in the mitochondria – the powerhouse of the cell.

During cellular respiration, oxygen is necessary again to drive the mechanism in the mitochondria for energy production. Oxygen is released for hemoglobin when the pH is optimal for this to occur. Therefore, when pH is outside the optimal range, hemoglobin can’t release its oxygen, and this will limit the mitochondria’s ability to produce ATP (energy).

Poor energy production from the mitochondria leads to symptoms of fatigue, and muscle weakness. If the muscle cells can’t get enough energy through cellular respiration, they need to obtain energy without oxygen. This is “anaerobic” energy production, which creates lactic acid as waste product.

Lactic acid can cause sore muscles. For example, the soreness people feel after running a marathon or working out is due to a buildup of lactic acid. Some individuals with poor mitochondrial function and cellular respiration can develop high levels of lactic acid, which is called lactic acidosis.

Poor cellular respiration can occur due to a high acidic diet, chronic infection and inflammation. It can also occur due to low levels of CoEnzyme Q10, poor hydration, low iron levels, acidity, and a lack of exercise.

Your cellular respiration is: very low low optimal high

If your cellular respiration is low you may be eating a very acidic diet, or have chronic infection/inflammation. You may need to supplement with CoEnzyme Q10, iron, increase your exercise level and/or increase your water consumption. If high (rare), you may need to eat more cruciferous vegetables, and use magnesium and other calming minerals. A metabolic rate that is too high can lead to heartpalpitations, anxiety and insomnia.


Nearly all the bio-chemical reactions that occur in body cells depend on water and electrolyte balance. These balances are not only vital to maintaining life but also affect physical and mental performance. It is generally recommended to drink 1/2 in ounces of our body weight (e.g. 100 pound person –50 ounces of clean water). Adequate hydration is important for kidney function, detoxification, circulation, and to prevent shock. Extra water and electrolyte intake is important when exercising or working in hot environments where loss of water by perspiration may become critical.

Extra fluids are important in cases of flu or dysentery where excessive losses can lead to dehydration and shock. The degree of hydration is graded according to signs and symptoms that reflect the amount of fluid lost. In the early stages of dehydration, there are no signs or symptoms. However once you feel thirsty you are already dehydrated!

Symptoms of early or mild dehydration include:

  • flushed face
  • extreme thirst, more than normal or unable to drink
  • dry, warm skin
  • cannot pass urine or reduced amounts, dark, yellow
  • dizziness made worse when you are standing
  • weakness
  • cramping in the arms and legs
  • sleepy or irritable
  • headaches
  • dry mouth, dry tongue; with thick saliva.

In severe dehydration, these effects become more pronounced and you may develop hypovolemic shock, including: diminished consciousness, lack of urine output, cool moist extremities, a rapid and feeble pulse (the radial pulse may be undetectable), low or undetectable blood pressure, and peripheral cyanosis. Death follows soon if dehydration is not started quickly.

Your hydration level is: very low low optimal high

Liver Stress

The liver is one of the most important organs of the body. All digestion by-products are passed through the liver, which detoxifies the chemicals and plant toxins in our foods. The liver is also the chief factory for making many of the structural components of our body and also the storage depot for extra carbohydrate, which can be released when blood sugar drops below normal. The term “liver stress” in this test is primarily a measure of how well your body is processing protein and urea. If high it indicates an unnecessary burden on your liver. There are other pathways that may be subnormal that will not show up here on this test. The liver stress test is not a substitute for uncovering major liver disease.

Your liver stress appears to be: very high high optimal

If your liver stress is high you may need to start on a detoxification program. You may also need to assess your intake of liver stressors: alcohol, cigarettes, over the counter medications, etc. Improving your diet and decreasing environmental toxins could also help.

Kidney Stress

The main function of the kidneys is to “filter” blood in order to excrete the unwanted waste products in urine and maintain the body’s fluid and electrolytes composition at constant levels (this is important for many body processes).

Urea is formed by the liver in the process of ridding the body of ammonia, which is built up as protein you eat is broken down. It is normally excreted in the urine. If kidney function is impaired, the urea builds up in the blood. In general, the higher the urea the worse the kidneys are functioning.

The kidneys are one of the detoxification organs. All the metabolic waste and toxins must be taken from the blood and filtered through the kidneys, so that they don’t build up to a toxic level. Clean healthy kidneys are also important to help us control high blood pressure. When they become contaminated with heavy metals or urea salts, the membranes become less porous so the kidneys excrete angiotensin (a hormone to regulate blood pressure) to make the heart beat harder in order to keep the process going. If the urea salts are high, this increases the viscosity and red blood cell agglutination contributing to the blood pressure. It also further damages the kidneys. Current lab tests will not show kidney damage until less than 25% of normal function is left. At 10% you will need dialysis.

Signs of possible kidney stress:

  • History of low blood sugar
  • Allergies, hayfever
  • Nausea, vomiting, morning sickness
  • Dark circles under eyes
  • Muscular low back pain
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol

Your kidney stress appears to be: very high high optimal

If high you may need supplements to assist the kidneys. It is also important to check your hydration.

Adrenal Stress

The adrenals are the main gland to help the body fight stress. They control both short and long term glucose levels in the blood by the release of epinephrine and cortisol. The steroids made by the adrenal gland have wide ranging activity including control of the immune system, fighting allergies, energy level, electrolyte levels, and the expression of secondary sex traits. Healthy adrenals have a large role to play in how we cope and feel in our everyday life.

Adrenal stress is associated with lack of vitality and energy, muscle and joint pain, hypoglycemia, migraine headaches, osteoporosis, sleep disturbances, poor memory, alcohol intolerance, low sex drive, dizziness, light sensitivity, salt cravings. Adrenal stress in this test only indicates if your adrenals are burdened related to electrolytes. If your stress is high your adrenals are being forced to work harder than normal

Your adrenal stress appears to be: very high high optimal

If needed, there are a variety of supplements that maybe recommended to help your adrenal function.

Any type of adrenal stress is improved by basic healthy living. We all inherently know these: get enough sleep, exercise, proper diet, play & relaxation, and try to reduce your reaction to things that don’t go your way.


In simple terms, the anabolic/catabolic ratio is the rate at which we build body tissues versus the rate at which we break it down. When we are anabolic we are building lean muscle mass which is fine for teenagers and young adults. But for mature adults, we want to reach our ideal weight and stay there. So that would mean that the rate of building would be the same as the rate of breaking down old tissue. When catabolic rate is too high we are aging at a higher rate than normal. When we are too anabolic we are increasing our weight. The ideal would be to stay in the green area as much as possible.

Anabolism occurs with optimal physical activity, vitamins and minerals, sleep, healthy metabolism, and normal hormone levels.

Catabolism occurs with high stress levels by the release of the stress related hormones from the adrenal glands (cortisol), poor nutrition, excessive physical activity, medications, oxidation or free radical damage, and internal disease. Recommendations for improving anabolism and decreasing catabolism:

  • Decrease mental and physical stress due to elevated stress hormones Exercise
  • Intake of high quality vitamins and minerals
  • Neutral diet or alkaline diet for optimal pH
  • Antioxidants – OPC’s Vitamin C, CoEnzyme Q10, etc
  • Essential Fatty Acids
  • Pituitary support through amino acid therapy and glandular extracts
    • The pituitary secretes HGH (Growth Hormone), which is a hormone for building and repair of the muscle system, and the production of sex hormones (i.e. testosterone, estrogen, and progesterone)

Note: under age forty

  • Maintenance of anabolism is important; while after forty years old the body naturally goes into catabolism. A balance of anabolism and catabolism is essential to the anti-aging process.